Thursday, May 29, 2008

Inventions: 2nd millennium BC (2000 BC to 1000 BC)

The 2nd millennium BC spans the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age, then to the Iron Age. Invention of Chariot, development in alphabets, use of Iron and Steel are notable in this period of time.

1900 BCIronin Anatolia or Caucasus (modern Turky), Iron smelting and smithing techniques
1800 BCPermanent Dyesfor cloths from a marine snail
1750 BCFormal Medicinein Babylonia, formalized its study and practice
1700 BCAlphabetsin Phoenicia - Ugarit (modern Syria), simplified learning to write
1600 BCRubberin Mesoamerica, from a tree sap
1500 BCKiln Fired Bricksin Mesopotamia for stronger buildings
1400 BCChariotin Egypt, by the invading Hyksos (Asian nomads)
1400 BCSteelin Hittite (modern Turkey), adding carbon to iron
1400 BCBrushin Egypt, using hogs hair later horse hair
1200 BCMetal Swordsin Egypt
1150 BCTopographic Mapsin Egypt
1000 BCCoinsin China

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